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Sunday, 24 October 2010

Simple Past form - Year 2

Come costruiamo il Simple Past Tense?



Ecco una mappa del simple past che puoi stampare copiaincollandola in un file di word:








V1
base
V2
past
V3
past participle

(questa colonna non ti serve per ora)
regular verbwork
explode
like
worked
exploded
liked
worked
exploded
liked
Il simple past di tutti i verbi regolari termina in -ed.
irregular verbgo
see
sing
went
saw
sang
gone
seen
sung
Il simple past di tutti i verbi irregolari è variabile. Devi impararli a memoria!
Non ti serve il participio passato per formare il simple past tense. In questa tabella è riportato solo per completezza.




Struttura per le  frasi affermative:

 
  • SOGGETTO   +   (VERBO BASE+ED)   per i verbi regolari
           Esempio: You played tennis


  • SOGGETTO   +   PAST FORM  per i verbi irregolari: seconda voce del paradigma

          Esempio: You ate an apple.

 Struttura per le  frasi negative per i verbi regolari e irregolari:


 
SOGGETTO   +  DIDN'T (= DID NOT)   +   VERBO BASE


Esempio: You didn't play tennis.
                  You didn't eat an apple.

 Struttura per le  frasi interrogative per i verbi regolari e irregolari:

 
 DID + SOGGETTO   +   VERBO BASE


Esempio: Did you play tennis?
               Did you eat an apple?

 Il verbo ausiliare did è lo stesso per tutte le persone = I did, you did, he did etc). 




subjectauxiliary verbmain verb
+Iwentto school.
Youworkedvery hard.
-Shedidnotgowith me.
Wedidnotworkyesterday.
?Didyougoto London?
Didtheyworkat home?




Eccezione! Il verbo to be (essere) è diverso


subjectmain verb
+I, he/she/itwashere.
You, we, theywerein London.
-I, he/she/itwasnotthere.
You, we, theywerenothappy.
?WasI, he/she/itright?
Wereyou, we, theylate?


Col past tense del verbo to benon usare ausiliari per le frasi negative ed interrogative
Per fare una domanda, scambia di posto il soggetto con il verbo! Esempi:
  • You were happy yesterday.
  • You were not (=weren't) happy yesterday.
  • Were you happy yesterday?


Short answers (risposte brevi):


Per le risposte brevi, usa lo stesso ausiliare che trovi nelle domande!


Esempi:


  • Was he at home yesterday? Yes, he was. / No, he wasn't.
  • Did you play tennis yesterday? Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.
  • Did you eat an apple yesterday? Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.









Lista dei verbi irregolari:


Practice:

http://www.bradleys-english-school.com/online/jigword/jigpast1.html
http://www.bradleys-english-school.com/online/jigword/jigpast3.html
http://www.bradleys-english-school.com/online/jigword/jigpast4.html
http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-1/exercise-english-989.php
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simple-past/exercises?03
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simple-past/exercises?04
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/simple-past/exercises
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/irregular-verbs/exercise?1
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/irregular-verbs/exercise?0
http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/tests/simple-past-1
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_statements.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_statements2.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_negation_sentences.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_negation_sentences2.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_negation_sentences3.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/simple_past.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/simple_past2.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_mix.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_mix2.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_ed.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_past_ed2.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/was_were.htm
http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/was_not_were_not.htm
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/pastsimple/exercise2.swf
http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/past-simple-exercise-8.html
http://www.english-room.com/pasttense_6a.htm
http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/englishfile/elementary/a_grammar/file05/grammar05_d02/
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1939

Simple Past tense games:

http://www.manythings.org/wbg/verbs_past2-mw.html
http://www.bradleys-english-school.com/online/concentration/past3.html
http://www.bradleys-english-school.com/online/concentration/past1.html
http://www.bradleys-english-school.com/online/matchingpairs/mpiregpast1.html
http://www.bradleys-english-school.com/online/matchingpairs/mpiregpast5.html



(where is the error in the position of the words in this picture?)









2 comments:

KEKKA 1LSA said...

it's very intelligent !
HE IS AN ANGEL !

Anonymous said...

thanks for the interesting information